Spring has sprung. Did you remember to set your clocks ahead? Time is rapidly getting by and with the warm weather, I am looking forward to getting out in the yard and planting new flowers, creating fish ponds, and creating memories with my grandchildren.
My daughter has two beautiful girls and my son is expecting a child in the fall of this year. Our family is growing and I am getting each of their histories documented to pass along. Each time we add an in-law to our midst, there is another family history to trace, add to, and chart out. I have found this so exciting.
Having so much information to pass on to my grandchildren has given me an added boost to my research. My filing cabinets are bursting at the seams, and I am charting everything and everybody I find.
Looking in the Lancaster, PA area for anything listing our Crye/Cry¹s has only given me minor bits of information, but I have learned today that possibly Burke Co., PA could offer more information as Burke came out of Lancaster about 1750 something. Since our John arrived in 1752 or so, it is possible that I have been looking in the wrong place. So, another avenue to search.
I have told you in the past of the Croy side of our family living in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. They list they served in the Civil War and drew a pension. I cannot verify service in the war, but did receive a photo of the headstone with his unit and command on it. So, there must be some validity to the story. I am working on that line too. So, now we are Cry; Crye; and Croy.
I think the latest email I received from Pennsylvania said they had found a few records with the last name spelled as Criegh. Now, if you say that out loud it sounds just like our Cry/Crye. So, I am looking there too now. Anyone want to step forward and help me? I could use another hand doing this research. For that volunteer, thank you. Anita
Definitions of medical terminology
that you might find on death certificates.
Continued from Issue 1 Vol 8.
Sunstroke - Uncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat. Lack of sodium in the body is a predisposing cause
Swamp sickness - Could be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis
Sweating sickness - Infectious and fatal disease common to UK in 15th Century
Tetanus - Infectious fever characterized by high fever, headache and dizziness
Thrombosis - Blood clot inside blood vessel
Thrush - Childhood disease characterized by spots on mouth, lips and throat
Tick fever - Rocky mountain spotted fever
Toxemia of pregnancy - Eclampsia
Trench mouth - Painful ulcers found along gum line, Caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene
Tussis convulsiva - Whooping cough
Typhus - Infectious fever characterized high fever, headache, and dizziness
Variola - Smallpox
Venesection - Bleeding
Viper's dance - St. Vitus Dance
Water on brain - Enlarged head
White swelling - Tuberculosis of the bone
Winter fever - Pneumonia
Womb fever - Infection of the uterus.
Worm fit - Convulsions associated with teething, worms, elevated temperature or diarrhea
Yellowjacket - Yellow fever.
DEFINITIONS OF SOME WORDS USED IN EARLY DOCUMENTS (1700s & 1800s)
Some words have many meanings; listed here are the definitions
that pertain to wills, deeds, land patents & inventories.
All words listed here were found in these documents.
abettor, abetter - One who abets, or incites, aids, or encourages another to commit a crime. The legal form of the word is abettor.
adz, adze - An ax-like tool with an arching blade at right angles to the handle ground from a base on its inside to an outer edge, used for dressing wood, etc.
alien - To make over (as property). Alienee: one to whom property is transferred.
ancient - In law: having twenty, thirty or more years continuous existence; used specifically in cases of defective proof; as, an ancient boundary
Anne, Lady Queen of Great Britain 1702-1714, daughter of James II
Anno Domini - A. D.
Approbation - To approve; sanction
Archangel - An angel of high rank
batting - Cotton sheets prepared for use in making quilts
bbl - An abbreviation used for barrel (1 barrel equals 31-1/2 gal)
behoof Advantage,- profit
behoove - To be necessary, proper, or advantageous; to be necessary, fit or proper
bolster - A long pillow or cushion extending the full width of a bed
capite Tenant in capite or tenant in chief; - formerly in England, one who held land immediately of the king. According to the feudal system, all lands in England were considered as held immediately or mediately of the king, but the tenants, however, were considered as having the fee of the lands and permanent possession.
capitation - A direct uniform tax imposed on each head
card - To comb or open as wool, flax, cotton, etc. with a card for purposes of cleansing it of extraneous matter; separating the coarse parts and making it fine and soft for spinning.
caske - Casks of large sizes called tierces, pipes, butts, tuns, etc. do not hold any fixed quantity - quantity usually marked on them.
chain - In general, a measuring instrument of 100 links used in surveying; a unit equal to 66 feet
clerk, - Cl A man who can read & write; a man of letters; a scholar (archaic) This would apply to the court person whose name appears at the end of Wills and other court documents.
cock - The style or gnomon of a sundial (one inventory list showed 1 brass cock and sun dial)
consort - Wife of the deceased
cooper - One whose occupation is to make and repair barrels and casks of various kinds
coulter - A knife in the form of an iron blade or sharp edged wheel, attached to the beam of a plow to make vertical cuts in the soil & facilitate the work of the plow share.
court of record -A court whose acts and judicial proceedings are written down for permanent keeping
coven - Agreement
covenant - To agree. A written agreement or promise - usually under seal between two or more parties
cruet - A vial or small glass bottle; particularly one used on the table for holding vinegar oil, etc.
crupper - The loop in a harness passing under the tail; also a similar strap attached to a saddle
cryer, crier - A person who shouts out announcements of news, court orders, etc.
crying - Calling for immediate notice or remedy
dedimus - A writ to commission private persons to do some act in place of a judge, as to examine a witnessto be continued in next issue
London Times correspondent Russell arrived at Cub Run, an offshoot of Bull Run that intersects Warrenton Turnpike a few miles closer to Centreville, just in time to see the disaster unfold. His account would do more to shape the public--and historical--perception of the Union defeat than anyone else's, and it was not a flattering narrative: "The scene on the [Warrenton] road had now assumed an aspect which has not a parallel in any description I have ever read. Infantry soldiers on mules and draught horses.... Negro servants on their masters' wagons; ambulances crowded with unwounded soldiers; wagons swarming with men who threw out the contents in the road to make room, grinding through a shouting, screaming mass of men on foot, who were literally yelling with rage.... There was nothing left... but to go with the current one could not stem."
John Taylor stood agape at the spectacle--"dazed and confounded," he admitted. On either side of the road crowds of soldiers surged toward Centreville. So much had the men discarded that Taylor was certain he "could almost have walked from the field to Centreville on bags of oats, bales of hay, and boxes of ammunition." But, Taylor wrote, the most startling aspect of the retreat was its hurry: "Every one seemed after the honor of being the first man to enter Washington." Soldiers dashed at wagons to cut loose the horses, "and with two on a horse, gallop off toward home." Lamented Taylor, "Every sentiment of shame, and all sense of manhood was absent for the moment."
Intense urgency yielded to outright panic when the Confederates managed to get some artillery in range of the bridge over Cub Run. Amidst the gauntlet of shells, a Union wagon swerved and overturned on the bridge, forcing all who wished to cross into the water on either side. "Ambulances, horses, cannon, and men were piled in one confused mass," remembered a Rhode Island artilleryman. Shells burst overhead as the Yankees rushed on, and soon the Rhode Islander shuddered at the sight of "the upper half of a soldier's body flying up the hill." With this, he admitted, "A cry of mortal terror arose among the flying soldiers."
The scene at the Cub Run bridge was the defining event of the First Battle of Bull Run. It was into this scene (commonly mis-located to the Stone Bridge) that newspapermen, moviemakers, historians, and novelists injected civilians as central characters--frightened souls tossing aside picnics and parasols to infect the retreating army with panic. Yet, dozens of contemporary accounts make it clear that the panic was a military, not a civilian, event. No civilians were killed or wounded (as the moviemakers love to portray), and so few of them were present east of Cub Run that their presence was rarely if ever mentioned by the soldiers who did participate in the panic. That handful of civilians who had reached the ridge overlooking the Stone Bridge managed to recross the Cub Run bridge before the span was blocked and the true panic began. As Taylor asserted after the war, "There is no truth whatever" in the claim that civilians contributed to the panic.
Once across Cub Run, the panicked mob transformed into a discouraged flood, protected by a strong line of infantry and artillery just west of Centreville. Captain Tidball had by now moved his battery to the Warrenton Turnpike and watched as the bedraggled crowd flowed by. Tidball recognized his inquisitors of the morning, Senators Lane, Wilson, and Wade. Lane came by first, now mounted on a "flea-bitten gray horse with a rusty harness on" and wielding, "sure enough," the musket he had promised to find. Not far behind Lane trundled Senator Wilson, "hot and red in the face from exertion...in his shirtsleeves, carrying his coat on his arm." When he reached Tidball, Wilson (who would later briefly command the 22d Massachusetts Infantry, "Henry Wilson's Regiment") swabbed the sweat from his brow and growled, "Cowards! Why don't they turn and beat back the scoundrels?"
And finally up the hill toiled Wade, without the strength to do anything but drag his coat on the ground behind him. Wrote Tidball, "As he approached me I thought I had never beheld so sorrowful a countenance." Wade's normally long face seemed "still more lengthened by the weight of his heavy under-jaws...so heavy it seemed to overtax his exhausted strength to keep his mouth shut."
Such was the condition of most of the Yankees who had found their way to Bull Run that day. But the vast majority of civilians had not gotten near Bull Run, had not caught even a glimpse of a Confederate soldier, and were not panicked by a stumbling mob of frightened Union soldiers. When word of the disaster filtered back to the large gaggle of spectators at Centreville, most of them simply mounted their buggies or horses and headed back toward Washington, albeit with some urgency. One brief spasm of panic infected part of the fleeing horde, but generally the civilian departure was orderly. (Russell noted this sliver of panic, and therefore it became famous.) Some arrived back in the capital during the night, hundreds more the next morning--all of them with tales of woe and fright. The spectacle of these woebegone civilians became an instant target for newspapermen and editorialists--most of whom had been hundreds of miles away during the battle.
As time passed and pens spun ever more colorful explanations for Union defeat, inevitably some pundits began fingering the civilians as not just witnesses to the debacle, but as the disaster's cause. One Syracuse paper asserted, "editors, reporters, congressmen, and others...were the first to fly.… [They] filled with consternation many a man who would have remained firm as granite but for that society."
The Syracuse editorialist was wrong. But such an explanation--now accepted as rote history--proved useful for the army and the government. It deflected responsibility from the officers and soldiers, who were the overwhelmingly dominant actors in the drama, and it appealed to cynical descendants--us--who revel in the follies of our ancestors. Today, few images in American history are so indelibly linked as the First Battle of Bull Run and civilian spectators. We have contorted the image into a carnival: civilians sprawled about on blankets on the edge of the battlefield, nibbling on picnic lunches while watching death and carnage, cheering as though at a football game. Shocking, sudden Union defeat engulfed these misbegotten ones--so the lore goes--and they fled hell-bent with their military protectors, dodging shells, scrambling through streams, often falling to exhaustion or shrapnel.
Modern Americans giggle and gawk at such manufactured images. But the license to giggle and gawk requires us to overlook how we gathered around our televisions by the millions on January 17, 1991, to watch the war with Iraq unfold. It requires us to forget that we swarm by the thousands on hot summer afternoons--hotter by far than July 21, 1861--to watch men pretend to kill each other in reenactments (and we cheer!). It demands that we discount the certainty that if today's civilians could be assured of getting within a few miles of a battlefield without getting hurt, we would not only flock by the thousands, but some of us would be hawking T-shirts, too: "I survived the Battle of Bull Run."
To sustain our clichéd vision of civilian spectators at the First Battle of Bull Run, we must overlook that the historical image conjured by movie-makers and historians is grossly overstated. The civilians in fact affected (or were affected by) events that day very little indeed. Rather, the spectators at Bull Run thoroughly symbolized a nation's naive view of the coming war--and commenced a tradition of war-watching that has since been elevated to a virtual (and dominantly American) industry.
John Hennessy, a frequent contributor to Civil War Times and a former historian at Manassas National Battlefield Park, is the author of two books on the battles at Manassas.
A CAMEL IN LANCASTER
By William F. Worner, in Old Lancaster Tales and Traditions, published by the author, Lancaster, PA 1927, pp. 82-85.
"May be seen at Mr. J. Stofft's tavern, in Lancaster, Monday, the 11th instant. This stupendous animal is most deserving the attention of the curious, being the greatest natural curiosity ever exhibited to the public on this continent. It is twelve hands high; its neck is four feet long, has a large high bunch on its back, and another under its breast, in the form of a pedestal, on which it supports itself when lying down; it has four joints on its hind legs, and will travel twelve or fourteen days without drinking, and carry a burthen of fifteen hundred weight. It is remarkably harmless and docile, and will lie down and rise at command. "
Mr. George R. Prowell, the eminent historian of York, states that the printing press mentioned in the advertisement was located on West Market Street, between David Candler's store and the Reformed Church, on the south side, nearly midway between Center Square and Beaver Street, York.
Continued from the last issue [Issue 1 Vol 8]
MARGARET CATHERINE SHIMMIN
In previous issues of this publication I began a discussion of the children of John and Catherine Shimmin Crye. I have been trying to complete sharing information on this family so this article is continued from the previous issue. In John’s will he lists his children as William, David, John, James, Isabella, Sarah, Catherine, and Margaret. An additional son Hugh has been identified to me by LDS researchers but was not mentioned in the will.
William Crye born ca 1755 m/Sarah Higgins/Hagan
Jonathan (John, William) Crye is first mentioned in William Crye’s Rev. War Pension declaration. (See Issue 1 Vol 1) Jonathan’s birth was given as September 7, 1806 in North Carolina. Jonathan married Edith L. Ayers/Pierce
Jonathan (John, William) Crye & Edith Ayers/Pearce/Pierce’s third known child was Henry Clay. Now, we have found quite a bit of information due to Norma Crye who has completed much research on this family line. We appreciate her input on Henry Clay Crye and give credit to her for the following information.
Information on children one through four are found in Issue 4 Vol 7, and Issue 1 Vol 8. The following is a continuation of child number four, AdaWatt Crye and family. See previous issue.
Henry Clay Crye and Martha’s fifth child is Parker Crye. Parker married Ada Ezebeller Reese. Interestingly to note, in the 1900 census, Cordia, Parkers older sister, and husband Wat Stringer, had a boarder living with them by the name of Robert O. Reece from IL. I don’t know the connection here but figure there is one.
Parker and Ada married in 1914 and are be found in the 1920 and 1930 census of Coleman Co., TX. In 1920 Parker says he was born in Tennessee. If that is true, then they would not have left the East before 1884, meaning that the first child, Luke Henry would have been buried somewhere around the Bradley/Polk Co., TN area.
Parker list having a set of twin girls, Dora and Ora born in 1915, and a son Charles P. Parker, dying in 1946 and Ada in 1942, are buried in the Coleman Co., TX cemetery with other members of the Crye family.
Henry Clay Crye and Martha’s sixth child is listed as Eugene G. Crye. He was born in 1886 and married Edna Elizabeth Preston in 1905. Eugene died in 1950.
Eugene and Edna E. have only been found in the 1930 Coleman Co., TX census. Their children are buried in the Coleman Co., Cemetery. Bessie born and died in 1906, Bettie born and died in 1907, Curtis, born and died in 1908, Mildred, born in 1912 married Grady Comedy.
Edna E. died in 1922 and Eugene married Jeanette Nicholson, also known as Nettie. Nettie and Eugene had three children. Jean Marie in 1925, who married Howard Busey Seay; Mavis Joan, born in 1931 and died in 1940; and Mary Helen who married Clayton Estes.
Henry Clay Crye and Martha’s seventh child is Clementine who, according to Norma Beaty Crye, married Harry Butler. I have located a Harry Butler in the 1910 and 1920 Navarro Co., TX census, but not in the 1930 census. Anita Fay, their first child, was listed at age 8 in the 1920 census, and another daughter, whose name I could not read, age 6 was listed.
Jonathan (John, William) Crye & Edith Ayers/Pearce/Pierce’s fourth known child was Parmelia Susanne Crye. Parmelia was born in 1847 and died in 1919. She married John Westley Price Lawson in Bradley Co., TN in 1871. Census records find them continually in Bradley Co., TN until their deaths in 1919-1920. JWP Lawson and Parmelia had the following children:
Charlie Brinkley b/1870 m/Amelia Dixon
Thomas Haul Lawson 1873 - 1935 m/ Hattie Carden
Nele Jane Lawson, 1875-1958 m/ William C. Haney
George Nelson Lawson 1876
Adra Lisabeth Lawson, 1879-1962 m/John Mack Haney
Martha Darkas Lawson 1880- m/ Hans Fairbanks
Rhoda Lee Lawson 1884-1950 m/ John Clements
Toncie Lawson, 1889-1936 m/ Earl Dickson
Callie Blanche Lawson 1891-1950 m/ Luther Davis.
The 1900 census for JWP and Parmelia Crye Lawson state that they had been married 28 years with six children born, six alive. Parmelia’s death certificate list she was a housekeeper and her father was Johnson Crye born in SC and mother is Eddis Aires born in Bradley Co., TN. Her son Charlie gave the information. She died of old age. Now, we know the information on her father and mother is a not exactly correct, but I put this in here so you will know, even death certificates are only as accurate as the person giving the information.
Most of the boys of Jonathan and Edith Ayers/Pierce Crye took at least one trip out west either to see the land or to check on their family. Jonathan’s boys were not the first Crye’s to visit Texas and the Western states. Jonathan’s brothers left for Texas as early as 1850-60 and homesteaded in Hill Co. TX and other counties. Parmelia was the only daughter of Jonathan and Edith as the first girl was Eliza Ayers. The family Bible I have in my possession actually came from descendants of Permelia. Look for the girls, they keep the family treasures.continued in the next issue.
This may help you
if you wonder why you can't find someone
where you think they ought to be.
Lancaster County was the first of the sixty-four counties created by Pennsylvania's legislature beyond the original three of Bucks, Chester, and Philadelphia that William Penn organized. The population of Penn's colony increased rapidly. Founded in 1681 it was next to the last colony in British America. (Georgia, in 1732, was the last). By the time of the American Revolution (1775-1783), it was one of the most heavily populated with close to 300,000 residents. Approximately 2,000 people lived on the west bank of the Delaware River when Penn received his charter in 1681. With Penn came 2,000 emigres in 1682. By 1700, the colony included about 30,000 residents. In the late 1720s, there may have been 75,000 present. The earlier arrivals settled in the province's eastern corner. Although some of the later immigrants remained where they landed at Philadelphia, most had to go into the interior to find sufficient land for their homesteads. They moved north up the Delaware River Valley toward what became Easton, northwest to the Schuylkill River Valley toward what is now Reading, and west to the Conestoga region where in 1729 there were about 3,500 settlers. In that year a group of the residents requested the establishment of a new county.
Their petition contained several reasons that Pennsylvania's later officials would receive from similar denizens of the interior. The residents claimed that the Conestoga region was too heavily populated to be administered effectively from a county seat "eighty to one hundred miles away" in Chester. Because of the distance, the "arm of justice" was weakened. It was too expensive and time-consuming to travel to the courthouse to conduct legal business. "Grievances were not likely to be Redressed," among which were unfair assessment of taxes, townships that were "undivided," and bridges were not built "where they are wanted." Another problem was the presence of "Thieves" and "Vagabonds" who considered themselves in that area "beyond the Reach of the law." Unexpressed but possibly also valid was the desire of capable and ambitious leaders in the interior for political power. Among the petitioners were John Harris who operated a ferry across the Susquehanna River and Samuel Blunston who later issued unofficial "Blunston's licenses" to the settlers and then carried their claims to the land office in Philadelphia. Despite the large number of Germans and Swiss in the area, only about twelve of the 182 petitioners were of that background.
The authority to create new counties rested with the proprietor or his agent, in this case with Governor Patrick Gordon (served 1726-1736). Because the legislature would have to establish courts, the Governor submitted the petition to the Assemblymen who approved it on May 9, 1729. He signed it on the following day. The Governor appointed twelve commissioners, several of whom were experienced surveyors, to set the eastern boundary with Chester County. The western boundary was not defined until later.
Next came the organization of the county. Governor Gordon named it Lancaster possibly at the behest of John Wright, a prominent leader in the movement to create it, who was born in Lancashire, England. The Governor appointed eight justices of the peace who constituted the county court. In consultation with residents, they specified the townships' names and defined their boundaries. They appointed a temporary sheriff and coroner. When elections were held in the fall of 1729, voters elected these officials along with an assessor, and three commissioners. They elected a treasurer in the following year. Over two other sites, the commissioners selected as the county seat, "Gibson's Pasture," which became the city of Lancaster. They purchased land for a courthouse that they erected in the center square and for a jail that they built nearby.
The size and boundaries of Lancaster County are not now what they were when it was founded in 1729. From parts of its territory were created York (1749), Cumberland (1750), Berks (1752), Northumberland (1772), Dauphin (1785), and Lebanon (1813). Although Lancaster has not been divided since the early 1800s, the process of creating new counties from existing ones continued from the first instance with Lancaster in 1729 until the most recent county, Lackawanna, was established in 1878.
Lancaster County PA surname queries
BAXTER AND HAGAN (HAGGINS) OF LANCASTER CO PA. THE BAXTERS MIGRATED TO MICKLENBERG CO. NC AND YORK CO. SC JOHN BAXTER dec. 1769 in Lancaster Co., PA naming wf. Jean and Ch: James, John, Andrew, Mary mar. PORTER, Margaret mar. John Long, Janet mar. Hugh LONG and Leah, William b. 1721 mar ca. 1741 Lancaster Co., PA d. 1750 Lancaster Co., PA. Andrew BAXTER b. 1725 d. 1781 murdered in his home by the Tories IN Mecklenberg Co., NC mar. Frances GREGG or SCOTT She maybe the dau. of William SCOTT of Lancaster. Andrew BAXTER'S son James b. 1760 mar. Mary HAGINS, HAGGINS HAGAN , dau of William Haggins d. 1790 in Mecklenberg Co., NC. Wf. Mary Ch: Mary, Joseph, John, William b. 1766 LancasterCo., P. d. 1835, Perry Co., Ky., Sarah b. 1762 Lancaster Co., PA mar. 1779 in Mecklenberg Co., NC William CRYE
Dorris Owens Henson <email@example.com>
BAXTER AND HAGAN OF LANCASTER CO PA. THE BAXTERS MIGRATED TO MICKLENBERG CO. NC AND YORK CO. SC JOHN BAXTER dec. 1769 in Lancaster Co., PA naming wf. Jean and Ch: James, John, Andrew, Mary mar. PORTER, Margaret mar. John Long, Janet mar. Hugh LONG and Leah, William b. 1721 mar ca. 1741 Lancaster Co., PA d. 1750 Lancaster Co., PA. Andrew BAXTER b. 1725 d. 1781 murdered in his home by the Tories mar. Frances GREGG or SCOTT She maybe the dau. of William SCOTT of Lancaster. Andrew BAXTER'S son James b. 1760 mar. Mary HAGINS, HAGGINS HAGAN b. ca. 1740 in Bucks Pa. d. in Rowan Co., NC. had a least one son to serve in the Rev. Ch: Mary mar. James BAXTER, Joseph, William b. 1766 in Lancaster Co., Pa.d. 1835 Perry Co., Ky, drew a Rev. Pension, Sarah b. 1762 in NC or Lancaster Co., PA, mar. 1799 in Mecklenberg Co., NC Wm. CRYE
Dorris Owens Henson <firstname.lastname@example.org>