Well, hello again from Cleveland Tennessee. The hot summer weather is upon us and we are working diligently on houses, gardens, and such. In the last newsletter on my opening page I have ask for some extra hands in this research. At times, when we have found our direct lines, we slow down on our research and focus more on the living than the dead. I am working in that same direction now myself.
Since my father’s death last year I have been totally out of pocket with research. I am focusing more on my children, grandchildren, and mother, leaving me limited time for research and such. Each of you have been so kind and I thank you so much for understanding how a death can take it’s toll on a person in different ways.
I have had a few letters requesting the photo disc and I have those in the mail. My apologies for the long delay in getting that prepared. I have found some interesting shots of people during that time, like Hugh H. Crye, [son of David, son of Jonathan, son of William & Sarah Hagins] from the Civil War era.
Not only have we met a few new researchers, each year someone catches the bug, but we have lost a few too. I continue to check the internet for Crye deaths. Some of these people I am intimately acquainted with through my tracing of their family lines, yet never having met them. It is funny, I feel the loss even though I only know them from the research I have done.
In August, my son began his family with a son. He named him after his own great grandfather, therefore tradition will continue to carry on. He is a beautiful black haired blue eyed boy with a spirit that will charm anyone. We are grateful for health and happiness and a sound body.
Let me know how you are doing with your research. I am interested in all lines, not just my direct one. Oh yes, it was mentioned in the Internet genealogy of our main ancestor John Crye that he came to America as a clothier. Can someone contact me regarding this and supply information on that? It would be such an asset to see that documentation. As always, thank you for sharing...
Connecting the dots... Anita
OF SOME WORDS
USED IN EARLY DOCUMENTS (1700s & 1800s)
Some words have many meanings;
listed here are the definitions that pertain to wills, deeds, land patents & inventories.
All words listed here were found in these documents.
demise - The conveyance of an estate; transfer of the sovereignty to a successor; a cessation of existence or activity; death
depute - To appoint as a substitute or agent to act for another
devise - A gift of real property by Will
Devolve - To pass (on) to another; said of duties
dimity - A light weight cotton fabric with fine twills much used for dresses; also a stout cotton fabric used for upholstering
do - Abbreviation for ditto
dog - (dogg) Simple mechanical device for holding, gripping or fastening consisting of a spike, rod or bar; and iron.
dr - An abbreviation for debtor; also for doctor
dsp - Died without issue
ejecon - (ejection) To throw out; cast out
ell - A former measure of different lengths; used chiefly for measuring cloth; an English ell was 45 inches
emoluments - Gain, profit, advantage
entayle - (entail) To restrict (property) by limiting the inheritance to the owner's line descendants or to a particular class thereof; to impose, involve or imply as a necessary accompaniment or result
enure - (inure) Use, custom. To accustom; to accept something undesirable
escuage - In feudal law, a kind of tenure by Knight service, by which a tenant was bound to follow his lord to war
evite - To show; to avoid (archaic)
evitation - The act of avoiding
everse - To overthrow or subvert (obs)
extents Valuation (as of land) in Great Britain, esp. for taxation; a writ giving a creditor temporary possession of his debtor's property
eye - The hole in the upper millstone through which grain passes; also a loop of metal or thread
Flax - A plant; flax seeds are used to make linseed oil; fibers of the stem are spun to make linen thread
Fizgig Also called fishgig; - an instrument for catching fish at sea consisting of a staff with barbed prongs
gaol (jail) - British variant of jailto be continued in next issue
Originally a haven for fur traders, Oregon became the thirty-third state in 1859. This database is a collection of individuals who died in the state during the years 1903 through 1970. Researchers will find information including the deceased's name, the place and date of death, the certificate number, the age at death, and possibly information concerning a spouse. This information was taken from a microfilm index compiled by the Oregon State Health Department.
Visit them on the Web at http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/vital.html.
Death Date: 11 Apr 1969
Name: Cook, Melissa Cry
Name: Morris, Nellie Cry
Name: Gerdes, Christina Cry
Name: Goldstein, Reva Cry
Name: Meyer, Madeline Cry
Name: Patnode, Amanda Cry
Name: Petersen, Ruby Cry
Name: Platz, Monte Cry
Name: Shields, Mary Cry
Name: Parker, Dessa Cry
Death Date: 08 May 1980
Birth Date: 03 Sep 1917
Name: Shephard, Gertrude Cry
Name: Turner, Arta Cry
Name: Wirick, Ellen Cry
Name: Drahos, Louise Cry
Name: Evans, Kimberly Cry
Name: Gaehring, Amanda Cry
Name: Gaehringharsh, Amanda Cry
Name: Harsh, Amanda Cry
Name: Holloway, Wilda Cry
Name: Mcintyre, Jean Cry
In trying to determine who these Crye people in Oregon,
I have been looking on the internet for solutions. However, cannot
find any family that they might belong. By 1930 there are only two
Crye families in Oregon, and four McCry families. It is possible
that these people are McCry, but I don’t know. I am looking for relatives
that might be reading this and could possibly share information to clarify
to who they belong.
Please contact me at Anita Green - 1555 Lewis St. NE - Cleveland, TN 37311
Fighting Words: American Civil War's Linguistic Heritage
The American Civil War has been called the first modern war because of the appearance of numerous innovations. The war was also responsible for introducing a number of words to our vocabulary that extend to today. by Christine Ammer
The Civil War was, among other things, a war of firsts. It was the first war in which there was a draft. It was the first war in which an American was given the rank of admiral, the first in which ironclad vessels definitively replaced wooden ones, and the source of the first federal income tax.
Many of these firsts also gave us new vocabulary. Although "draft" had been used for conscription since the eighteenth century, draftee was invented during the Civil War, soon after the Confederacy (1862) and then the Union (1863) established a draft. And today we also use the verb more loosely, as in "He drafted two new players for the team." The need for fighting men was great but perhaps not as great as the need for money. In 1861 Congress established the first federal income tax, and not long afterward the Confederacy set up a similar tax. The federal government also authorized the use of greenbacks, legal-tender notes used as currency in place of gold or silver and so called because one side of each bill was printed with green ink. The color persists in American currency, and greenback today is widely used as a synonym for "dollar." Also dating from the Civil War is the motto on our current coins, In God We Trust. It was first authorized by Congress in 1864 for use on the two-cent coin.
God was invoked in another sense by Union troops. When fighting in the heat and humidity of mosquito-infested Southern swamps, they referred to the North as God's country, a term still used for any especially beautiful area or for one's home locale.
Almost from the beginning of the war, the term antebellum came into use. Coming straight from two Latin words meaning "before the war," it still is used specifically in America to mean "before the Civil War." In the South the term is often attached to styles dating from before the war, such as antebellum architecture.
The South itself acquired the name Dixie, which actually originated shortly before the outbreak of hostilities. Its earliest recorded use was in a play of 1850 that featured a black character named Dixie, but it was popularized mainly through northern minstrel-showman Daniel Decatur Emmett's 1859 song, "Dixie's Land." According to historian Darryl Lyman, Dixie was a common name for black characters in minstrel shows, and Emmett said he often used the term "Dixie's land" to mean "the black (slave's) land," that is, the South. It has survived and also appears in such terms as Dixiecrat, coined for Southern Democrats who left the national party in 1948 because they opposed President Harry Truman's civil rights platform.
Once the South seceded, Southerners were known as "Rebels" and the Confederate soldier as "Johnny Reb." On going into battle Confederate troops often shouted a Rebel yell. This blood-curdling, high-pitched sound was said to be based on the cries uttered by Southern fox hunters. Another theory is that it imitated the war cry of one or another tribe of American Indians. The name was later applied to similar shouts in sports and other peacetime pursuits.
A name attached to the Civil War infantryman was doughboy. It was first recorded in 1865, but its precise origin has been lost. The name may have alluded to the large buttons on their uniforms, which resembled a pastry called "doughboy."
Or, theorized H.L. Mencken, it alluded to pipe clay that became soggy and dough like in rain and was used by Confederate troops to whiten the piping on their uniforms. In any event, the term survived, becoming very widely known during World War I. A similar term that has died out, however, was doughface, which meant a Northerner who sympathized with the Southern cause. Before 1861 it had meant a Northern congressman, usually a Democrat, who did not oppose slavery, but then it acquired a broader meaning. Presumably the "dough" here simply meant that a person was easily molded by others. Another name for Northern opponents of the war was Copperhead. Their fellow Northerners considered them traitors and therefore nicknamed them after the poisonous snake of the eastern and southern United States that gives no warning before it strikes.
Ironclad vessels were developed early in the 1800s but did not come into wide use until the mid-century. On March 9, 1862, two ironclads, the Union Monitor and the Confederate Merrimac, fought to a draw, and this battle marked the death knell of wooden battleships. The previous year President Abraham Lincoln had announced a blockade of the entire Confederate coast, and though Southerners at first laughed at it, the blockade became increasingly effective. It not only cut off the Confederacy from needed goods from abroad but also prevented it from shipping its valuable cotton crop to overseas markets. Blockades were not new, but this blockade gave rise to the term blockade runner, for a vessel or person that evades or tries to evade a blockade and enter or leave a blockaded port.
The ironclads' resistance to gunfire enabled Union Flag Officer David Farragut to capture New Orleans and two years later to sail into Mobile Bay, heedless of danger from shore batteries and mines called torpedoes. When warned, Farragut allegedly uttered his famous words, "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!" Soon afterward he was promoted to full admiral, the first American so honored. And we still use ironclad in the sense of "unbreakable" or "firm," as in "an ironclad alibi," "ironclad contract," and so on.
Incidentally, flag officer was the only naval rank above captain from 1850 to 1862, when the ranks of commodore and rear admiral were created, followed in 1864 by vice admiral. Although full admiral was not adopted until after the war, it was often applied to Farragut before he was officially promoted.
Christine Ammer's new, expanded edition of Fighting Words From War, Rebellion, and Other Combative Capers (NTC/Contemporary Books) is now available in paperback.
This article originally appeared in the Summer '99 issue of MHQ. For more great articles be sure to pick up your copy of Military History Quarterly.
Letter from a Confederate Soldier in Texas: written 1908
Wants Comrades to Write. I was a soldier in Tom Hams regiment in Mississippi. I came to Texas shortly after the war and have lived in and around Van Zandt County ever since.
As our time is drawing to a close in this world, I would like to hear from some of my old comrades once more before I go to cross the cold, chilly waters of death. -- M. Henderson, Ben Wheeler, Tex.
Continued from the last issue [Issue 2 Vol 8]
MARGARET CATHERINE SHIMMIN
In previous issues of this publication I began a discussion of the children of John and Catherine Shimmin Crye. I have been trying to complete sharing information on this family so this article is continued from the previous issue. In John’s will he lists his children as William, David, John, James, Isabella, Sarah, Catherine, and Margaret. An additional son Hugh has been identified to me by LDS researchers but was not mentioned in the will.
William Crye born ca 1755 m/Sarah Higgins/Hagan
Jonathan (John, William) Crye & Edith Ayers/Pearce/Pierce’s fourth known child was Parmelia Susanne Crye. Parmelia was born in 1847 and died in 1919. She married John Westley Price Lawson in Bradley Co., TN in 1871
Parmelia died in 1919 and is buried in the Bethel Church Cemt, Bradley Co. TN. There are about 20 or so graves in this abandoned cemetery located about a four-mile hike back into the woods off 64 Highway. Many of the graves are simply marked by a fieldstone, but there are several for this family, including Parmelia. JWP does not have a headstone that we found, but his death certificate list burial at Bethel. JWP’s father and mother were listed as Peter Lawson and Rebecca Frazier.
I am confident that this cemetery, Bethel, is where Edith L. Ayers/Pierce/Crye is buried, even though no carved marker is visible. Parmelia took care of the family Bible and heirlooms; therefore it would be reasonable to assume she took care of her mother’s burial as well. Edith died after the 1880 census, (as she is listed at that time) and before the 1900 census (because she isn’t listed). No will or probate record was found for Edith Crye.
Parmelia (John, William, Jonathan) Crye & JWP Lawson’s first known child was Charlie Brinkley. Charlie married Amelia Dixon in 1904 but in the 1910 census she lists that this is her second marriage with two live births, two children alive. Amelia was married first to John Montgomery and had two children by him. She brought these into the marriage with Charlie.She has been married this second time for six years. She died in Bradley Co., TN about 1915 of pellagra, toxemia poisoning age 40. By 1920 Charlie was living home again with his father JWP, listed as a widow.
Parmelia (John, William, Jonathan) Crye & JWP Lawson’s second child was Thomas Haul. Thomas and his brother Charlie married girls who were first cousins. Thomas’s wife was Hattie Carden. Thomas was born in 1873, and his wife in 1875. They lived in Bradley Co., TN all of their lives and are buried in Michigan Avenue “Hayes Shed” cemetery and Fort Hill cemetery respectively. Thomas and Hattie had eleven known children: Thomas P., Edgar, Charlie, Grace, Theodore, Rosebud, Paulene, Paul, James, Tommy and Johnny.
Parmelia (John, William, Jonathan) Crye & JWP Lawson’s third child is George Nelson Lawson. He was born in 1876 and died before 1880. (Information on this child came from Pauline Odom.)
Parmelia (John, William, Jonathan) Crye & JWP Lawson’s fourth child Nele Jane was born in 1877, married William C. Haney. They spent their lives in Bradley Co., TN and are buried in the Lebanon Cemt. They had three children I know of: Beulah, Dora, and Mary.
Parmelia (John, William, Jonathan) Crye & JWP Lawson’s fifth child is Adra Lizabeth who married John Mack Haney, brother to William C. Haney above. John and Adra had five children and they spent their lives in Bradley Co. TN. They are buried in the Lebannon Cemt also. Information on Adra states she was born in 1879, but she was not listed on the 1880 census for this family. Their children are: Virgia O.; Blanche Mary; Price; Rutha/Bertha; Charles.
Parmelia (John, William, Jonathan) Crye & JWP Lawson’s sixth child is Martha Darcus. Martha married Noah Hamilton Fair. They are found in the 1900 Bradley Co. TN census, but by 1910 they have moved to Oregon. The 1910 census list he worked in a brickyard, they had been married for 11 years with four children born and alive. All the children were listed as being born in Tennessee. With their youngest Thomas being born in 1909 they must have moved to Oregon between 1909 and 1910. Children: Stella G., Floyd, Arch H., Thomas C.
Parmelia (John, William, Jonathan) Crye & JWP Lawson’s seventh child is Rhoda Lee. Rhoda married John Clements and they are both buried in the Lebannon Cemt in Bradley Co., TN. John and Rhoda married in 1904 in Bradley Co. TN, moved to Oklahoma by 1910 and were back in Bradley Co., in 1930. I was unable to locate them in the 1920 census. John and Rhoda had 7 children to my knowledge. children: Mary Ann, Stella L, John Taylor, Bessie, Sam L., Virgie R., Annie L.
Parmelia (John, William, Jonathan) Crye & JWP Lawson’s eighth child was Maude “Toncie” who married Earl Dixon. Toncie and Earl married October 4, 1904 in Bradley Co., TN. I could not locate them for the 1910 census, but they are located in the 1920 Bradley Co. TN census living with her father JWP. In 1920 they have two children: Roy and Callie. Toncie died in 1936 in Etowah, McMinn Co., TN of heart failure. She was brought back to Bradley Co., TN and is buried in Lebanon Cemt.
Parmelia (John, William, Jonathan) Crye & JWP Lawson’s ninth child is Callie Blanche who married Luther Davis. They married about 1909 and are found in the 1910 Bradley Co., TN census. No additional information has been found.
Jonathan (John, William) Crye & Edith Ayers/Pearce/Pierce’s fifth known child was George H. Crye, born in 1849 in Bradley Co., TN, and little is known about him. He is listed in the 1850 & 1860 census for Bradley Co., TN, and then nothing is available to our knowledge. He would have been 15 by the end of the Civil War, and he could have joined and fought with brothers, but nothing has been registered for a George Crye fighting in the Civil War. This does not mean he didn’t fight, it only means there is no record of such. He could have died from disease or conflict. The only thing I do know is that I have not located him again after 1860.
Jonathan (John, William) Crye & Edith Ayers/Pearce/Pierce’s sixth known child was Richard H. Crye, born in Bradley Co., TN in 1851 and died in 1905, Hubbard, Hill Co. TX. Richard married Hannah Levada McAlister in Bradley Co., TN in 1874. By 1880 they had moved to Hill Co., TX where they are located from 1900 through the 1930 census readings. There were only two children listed for this couple throughout those years: George H. born in 1876 and John A. born in 1877, both were listed that they were born in Tennessee.
In the 1880 census Hannah Levada McCalister/McAlister Crye’s brother, William, is living with his sister and her husband Richard in Texas, stating that he was born in Georgia.
In the 1900 census, Greenville Robert Crye is living in Texas with Richard and their family. Green is a son of Joseph Henderson Crye, Richard’s youngest brother. We don’t know how long Green stayed in Texas with his uncle and family. However, Green was born in Tennessee and he returned there to marry and raise his family. I am aware that Joseph & Rebecca Jane, Green’s father and mother, came to Texas about 1897 to see the family. While on this journey they had a daughter Mary to die and she was buried in Texas. Joseph and Rebecca Jane returned to Tennessee after the burial of their daughter. It is possible that this is the same trip that Green came out and stayed for a time.
In 1910 a John Crye born in Tennessee, age 24 (b 1886), listed as a cousin, and a widow is found in Richard’s household. The head of this household is Richard’s son John making this his father’s brother’s boy. With all my data and the relationship given as “cousin” it leads me to believe that this is either a son of Timothy Titus/H. Crye, Richard’s younger brother, who came to Texas about 1900-1905, or James Monroe Cry, another younger brother. A John is found in the home of Timothy and Samantha Crye in Polk Co., TN in 1900 but in 1910 when his mother Samantha is listed in Texas as a widow, John is not in the home. The 1920 census of Murray Co., GA and of Bradley Co., TN list John with his wife Mary and children. (not a mistake, he was listed twice)
Richard’s younger brother, James Monroe Crye who married Mary Lee/Lea “Tiny” Pearce, also had a son John. James and Mary also moved to TX about 1900. The first time we locate the son John after coming to Texas is in the 1930 census. John comes to Texas and marries Josephine Hobbs from Alabama about 1907. This John is found in the 1900 Polk Co., TN census in the home of his parents, and the 1930 Limestone Co., TX census, but not in between. Each brother having a son John born within a couple of years of each other has complicated identifying this person. A death certificate would determine who is which, but I do not have access to that information at this time. If there is family still living, reading this, would you please contact me and clarify this “John Crye”?
Richard and Levada McAlister Crye’s son George stayed in Hill Co., TX throughout the 1930 census readings. George marries Beula ‘Unknown’ and they have five children on record: Maurice, Inez, Pauline, Georgie Mae, & Eudella. Census records are all I have located on this family.
John married Gertie ‘Unknown’ and records indicate they had two children, a boy and a girl: John J. and Genie M. The 1910-1920- & 1930 census list this family in Hill Co. TX. John’s WWI Draft Registration card list his name as John Anderson Crye, living with H.L. Crye (Hannah Levada) Crye.
The 1900 census list Levada has been married 26 years with two births, and two children in the home. In the 1910 census, Lavada is living with her single son John and in 1920 she is head of the household with her son John living with her and he is still single. In 1930 Levada is living with her son George. Records indicate that Levada died in 1937 in Hill Co., Texas. She would have been 87 years old.
Jonathan (John, William) Crye & Edith Ayers/Pearce/Pierce’s seventh known child was James Monroe Crye b 1854, TN. James married Mary Lee Pearce/Pierce (AKA) “Tiny” on July 18, 1876 in Bradley Co., TN and moved about 1905 to Texas.
continued in next issue
Warren O. Hearon, age 96, of Maryville, passed away Monday morning, June 27, 2005 at the family home. He was a member of Mt. Carmel Baptist Church and was an avid fisherman and outdoorsman who loved to spend time at his cabin in the mountains. He was very active in politics in Blount Co. and was one of the first commissioners of the South Blount Utility District. Preceded in death by his wife, Helen Hearon; son, Arnold Hearon; daughter, Kathleen Coleman; brothers, Ernest Hearon, Ivory Hearon, Ira Hearon, Arvel Hearon, and Charles Hearon; and sister, Elvira Boring. Survivors include his son and daughter-in-law, Lawrence and Doris Hearon of Maryville; daughters and sons-in-law, Christine and Paul Ward, Geraldine and Lloyd Crye, Brenda and Richard Prater, and Linda and Larry Gourley all of Maryville; grandchildren, Kandy Hodge, Lisa Thomason, Gene Huffstetler, Paula Underwood, Melissa McGinley, Elizabeth Hughett, Mark Coleman and Douglas Crye all of Maryville; 13 great-grandchildren; sister, Ila Whitehead of Maryville; brothers Ervin Hearon, Sterling Hearon, and Marlowe Hearon all of Maryville; and several nieces and nephews. Family and friends will meet at 11:00 a.m. Wednesday, June 29, 2005 at Carpenter’s Campground United Methodist Church Cemetery for the graveside service and interment, Rev. Beecher Whitehead officiating. Friends may call at their convenience from 12:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Tuesday at Miller Funeral Home, Maryville.
Found in the Maryville, TN Daily Times newspaper
Viola/Madison, WI – Martha Cowan, 94, of Madison and formerly of Viola died Tuesday, March 22, 2005, at the Don and Marilyn Anderson Hospice Care Center in Madison.
She was born January 26, 1911, to Johan and Marie (Lovstad) Martinson. On September 17, 1935, she was united in marriage to Azel Cowan. They farmed in the Viola area for 23 years prior to moving to Madison, where Martha worked for the University of Wisconsin. Azel and Martha retired to Viola, where Martha loved to bake cookies. In 1994, Martha moved back to Madison to be closer to her daughter.
She is survived by her daughter, Patricia (Gerald) Mickelson of Stoughton; one grandson, Tracy Mickelson of Well Allis; two great-grandchildren, Larissa and Alec Mickelson; one sister, Swanhild Durst of Kenosha; and nieces, nephews and many friends.
She was preceded in death by her parents; her husband, Azel in 1995; one brother, Ole Martinson; three sisters, Olga Parr, Minola Crye and Ona Thomas.
Funeral services will be held Saturday, March 26, at 1:00 p.m. at Viola United Methodist Church. Pastor Doris Clark will officiate, with burial in Star Cemetery, rural LaFarge. Friends may call at the church Saturday after noon.
Vosseteig-Larson Funeral Home of Viroqua is serving the family
Lacrosse Tribune, Wisconsin
Crye, Lewis Deward
Died July 14, 2001, Des Arc, AR aged 61. Survived by wife Emmaline Crye; son, Tony Crye; daughters, Debbie Tucker, Kim Branham; Brother, Larry Joe Crye; grandchildren, Ryan and Lauren Tucker, Nicholas and Labeth Polk, Clinton and Candice Crye; Interment: Sandhill Cemt.
Martha Cowan is a sister to Minola who married Joseph M. Crye, son of John Nelson Crye and Ellen Frawley, son of Joseph W. Crye and Amanda Michaels; son of John and Edith Taylor Crye. (Wisconsin group)
Lewis Deward Crye belongs to a group who descend from Joseph Alexander Crye and Nancy Ardella Satterfield. Joseph was a son of David and Celia Crye found in Bradley Co. TN in the 1860 census, but not again. I cannot prove this direct line is from William Crye, but my speculation is that William’s son James (who was married several times) had this boy David, and he is Joseph Alexander’s father. If you have additional information, please don’t hesitate to share.
The Hearon obit is from East Tennessee, and these are descendants of John and Martha Jones Crye of Tennessee. Their line hasn’t been presented in the newsletters yet, but is on the agenda.